Women in the country wore different types of costumes for different kinds of occasions. Montenegro traditional costume included several inevitable elements.
Jecerma, Kamizola and Zubun
The “Jecerma” was a kind of a short vest made of coarse fabric or velvet. It had buttons (some dindn’t) and it went down to the women’s waist.
On the other hand, Kamizola was a vest worn over the shirt, made of silk and damask. It was usually worn by women of the higher classes. Zubun was made of coarse fabric and velvet, in various lengths. They were sleeveless and buttoned.
Dolama and Bran
Dolama was an upper dress made of coarse fabric with golden buttons or golden ropes. It was usually worn on festive occasions.
Bran was a female dress worn over the shirt, made of upper part “Stan” which was tight and close to the body, while the lower part of the skirt went all the way to the feet and was made of 5 folds.
Skirt and Rasa
Everyday skirts were made of hemp and flax, while formal skirts had golden embroidery and were made of damask and silk. Usually, the material of a woman’s skirt represented her social status. The skirts were buttoned with buttons and “ambreta”, which had a useful and decorative function.
Rasa was clothing made of different kinds of wool and was worn over the white shirt. Rasa usually meant that a woman came from the upper class. It was made of silk and other materials.
One of the most important elements of Montenegro national costume for women was the apron. It was made of “indijana” and “tela” materials, usually intended for everyday use. There were also aprons made of silk with golden embroideries, for festive occasions.
Cemer and Zenski trak
Cemer was a heavy belt, decorated with various dark red or green stones and silver filigrees. It was the most important part of Montenegro traditional costume for women. Below the belt, there was another one called “Zenski trak” made of coarse fabric, for the purposes of protecting women from the pressure of the Cemer.
Knee socks and Bjecve socks
Knee socks were used to tightly surround the calves. It was important for women to tighten the socks well for the safety of their feet.
Famous socks for women called “Bjecve” were made of wool. The upper part of the socks was red and black, while the rims of the socks were hemmed with dark blue or red colour.
Opanci, the peasant shoes, were very popular among the women of Montenegro. Opanci are made of the beef’s skin with edged fronts and tough peaks. Besides opanci, women also wore “nanule” and pasamage (kinds of slippers).